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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 9, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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♪ discover the best memories of your life. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." turkey rules out putting boots on the ground in kobane, the syrian city just over the border where kurds are trying to battle off islamic state. london joins the list of those screening passengers for ebola.
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>> in the 30 years i have been working in public health, the only thing like this has been aids. we have to work now so this is not the world's next aids. >> viewing the world in a whole new way. the founder of gopro, whose invention has made home videos quite an adventure. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. today, turkey rolled out going it alone and launching a ground offensive against islamic state militants. i.s. has been fighting kurdish forces across the border in the syrian town of kobane. it appeared kobane was about to fall to the jihadists, but now kurdish forces say with the support of u.s. airstrikes they have been able to push i.s. fighters back.
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>> the fight for kobane is far from over. five american of airstrikes on the town today. even from this distance, it's clear the so-called islamic state have some control here. but inside kobane, street by street, a senior official told the bbc i.s. are losing ground. >> yesterday they controlled one third of the city of kobane, but airstrikes and official operations opushed them back, and now they are not controlling one third of kobane. they are controlling some houses in eastern and southeastern sides of kobane. >> as fighting continues, turkey looks on.
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these turkish tanks have been in position for a week. kurds are infuriated that while kobane suffers, they look on. tic to says it is unrealis imagine them launching a ground offensive against islamic state on their own. >> there are still 1500 to 2000 fighters,kobane, all but we are still giving them humanitarian aid. it's not possible to give the military help, but we have to protect our border. if anybody hits us, we will fire back. >> this is what turkey would rather see. fighters, notmy turks, battling i.s. in south kobane. y, thisse men and turke is a fight to defeat syrian president assad as well as islamic state. for these kurdish protesters
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near the border, they say turkey will not protect their interests. >> we are calling on america to help kobane. the turkish government wants kobane to fall. they are clearly supporting islamic state, allowing islamic state to kill our people and blow up our homes. >> the mutual distrust between kurds and turks kobane is making's rescue all the more difficult. for more on the military and diplomatic efforts taking place on the ground, i spoke with james jeffrey, former u.s. ambassador to both turkey and iraq. there is growing pressure on turkey to join the fight against ankara is extremely reluctant. what will it take to bring them in? >> a stronger commitment by the u.s. and other countries to carry the fight also to assad.
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turkey fears the assad regime and its iranian backers as much as it fears isis, and for good reason. they will have to be given take. >> you have been u.s. ambassador to turkey. what is going on behind closed doors? >> the turks are going to make a very strong case for a no-fly zone, supported by the united states as well as turkey, and internationally sanctioned. and more effort against assad. the turks want the kurds in kobane taking the fight not only to isis, but also to assad. >> what you think it will be? >> i hope it will be that we will also take on assad and do t he no-fly zone. secretary kerry indicated, we have to change of policy, frankly. >> the foreign minister says it is not realistic for turkey to conduct a ground operation on its own. has the u.s. box itself and by
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saying no ground forces? >> i have long advocated ground forces, not only observers but if necessary our own combat forces. how can we ask of the people to send young men and women to die, and we are not willing to send a soldier on the ground? >> suggesting kobane was not strategically important, what message does that send? >> it is in cover hands of all. we have american pilots risking the lives, so why would we say something so criminally stupid? what are the people fighting for kobane going to think? it is in cover hence the ball for me, because this is strategically vital to the middle east. everybody is watching. >> how about iraq? are they working? >> they are working better than initially, because we are doing more. nonetheless, isis has continued to advance along the euphrates waiver -- river to western
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baghdad and they are in position to put pressure on baghdad. >> how about iraqi forces. will they be ready to seize the opportunity created? >> iraqi soldiers are standing and fighting, but they run out of supplies, run out of logistics. they are not well led. they are not running away, but they are often overrun. we have to provide logistical support and other leadership that we can do without a lot of troops on the ground. perhaps these people can take the fight to the enemy if we support them. >> thank you for joining us. turbulence returned to wall street for a third day. the dow jones industrial average plunging 334 points, almost2%, partly feel like a drop in energy stocks. the biggest swing since august 2011, and the u.s. government lost it aaa credit rating.
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a serious risk the eurozone . back into recession the warning comes as exports in germany fell sharply in august, the biggest monthly plunging partners. german exports fell 5.8% compared to july. at least five people have been the capital of the republic. seven others were wounded in clashes between muslim and christian communities. set on fire.sacked the took over peacekeeping operations last month. the presidents of liberia, sierra leone, and ginny, the three countries affected by ebola, have called for more aid. they called as the world bank committed $400 million on top of the imf's $130 million in emergency financing. the british government has said
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some airline and train passengers arriving in the u.k. will be screened for ebola. lyons,her day in sera and there are more bodies -- sierra leone, and there are more bodies to be cleared from the streets. ebola is spreading fast. nearly 4000 people have died, and the number is rising. in washington during a meeting between the world bank and imf, a top u.s. official says he has not seen anything like this for decades. >> i will say that in the 30 years i have been working in public health, the only thing like this has been aides. we need to work now so this is not the world's next aids. >> following america's decision, the u.k. has announced it will screen people arriving at two international airports and a train station. people arriving from countries affected by the outbreak. >> our focus is on keeping the
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traveling public and our colleagues safe. we will work with the government to make sure we can intimate measures to screen passengers if there is any risk of contamination at the airport. >> the foreign office is also investigating reports of a british citizen suspected of having ebola who has died in macedonia. in madrid, the nursing assistant became infected after treating a patient. in australia, a man in quarantine tested negative for ebola. but health care workers are at a high risk of getting infected. according to the world health organization, more than 240 health care workers in guinea, liberia, nigeria, and see her lyons have developed the disease. more than 120 health care workers have died from the virus, one in 16. every death of a health care
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workers significantly diminishes the ability of countries to respond to ebola effectively. the race is on to find a cure. they have started production of 10,000 doses of a vaccine, an unprecedented decision considering that trials are at such an early stage. >> for more on the response to the ebola outbreak, i spoke every time ago with dr. gavin skinner from the department of public health science at penn state hershey. they will be screening passengers. is that enough? >> it gives us another level of protection. about 150 people from guinea, leone arrivesierra every day. we will take your temperature and ask questions. where have you traveled from, how are you feeling, who do of contact with, where are you going? and a third critical function,
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advice of what to do if they develop a fever. >> is that adequate? should more information be given? >> what they need to do, if they have left the airport and develop a fever, what do they do next? we want them to stay home. what is coming in winter? flu season, and we do not want patience with fever and body aches and fatigues sitting next to people like a woman who is pregnant or a child, and possibly risking spreading ebola. >> you were in nigeria, where the outbreak was successfully contained. you were part of the effort. how did they do it? >> the nigerian government had a plan, a community plan. they brought everyone in from the community and did not stigmatize the ebola patients, because of years and years of experience with hiv-aids. they made it an incentive for people to report.
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they celebrated every success they had, and every person that was in the neighborhood, from church elders to multinationals to corporate businessmen to academia come a they all played a part. >> the head of the cdc has said that he has not seen anything like ebola since aids. is that comparison at? >> at the moment the situation in west africa is completely out of control. we recently had our first patient here in the u.s. look at the way we treated that patient. we stigmatized them, treated them like criminals. that is very much what we did in the early days of hiv-aids. >> the u.s. is going to liberia to build treatment centers. how is that going to work? >> it is very much needed. one of the biggest challenges we are facing as we build these new ebola hospitals or facilities, where are we going to find the staff? not just doctors and nurses. all the staff that make the meals, cleanup, where are they
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going to come from? >> how are they going to be protected, the health care workers? as we heard, they are most at risk. >> very much so. there are two levels of protection. we were attacked by the local community in nigeria. they didn't understand. also, do we have enough bleach, on a protective equipment? do we have all the systems in place to deal with waste management? and a blood test to take each day? >> thank you for joining us. nearly 70 people have been killed in two suicide attacks in yemen. one targeted supporters in the center of the capital. the bomber exploded a suicide belt at a checkpoint where the rebels were planning to hold a protest. >> the blast hit the center of the city. the target was a rally in
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support of shia rebels from the north. as suicide bomber detonated people were drifting into the main square for protests. the killing was indiscriminate. children were among the dead and wounded. survivors said the attack seemed to come out of nowhere. a.m., we heard00 a huge explosion all around the square. when we arrived here, the place was full of dead and wounded. >> around the same time, a suicide car bombing hit a security outpost in the south of yemen. at least 20 soldiers were killed. the attacks were 800 kilometers apart, but the blame for both was put on one group, al qaeda. it has been fighting government forces mainly in the south for several years, since the emergence of the rebels, the
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latest keep our broker -- powerbroker in the country. seized thes opportunity. if the to take each other on, it could turn the battle for yemen into full-blown civil war. the president is caught in between. they essentially forced him to withdraw his candidate for prime minister just hours after the official announcement was made. as for the withdrawal of the rebels from sanaa, that doesn't seem like it will happen anytime soon. treatedy services wounded in the capital. there was a sense of the already fragile country spiraling towards full on conflict. some anger and defiance now seems turned against the president himself.
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>> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, thousands take to the streets in mexico demanding to know the fate of 43 students who disappeared last month. the french novelist patrick modiano has won this year's nobel prize in literature. he is little known to readers outside his own country, but chronicled life under german occupation. >> an overwhelmed patrick modiano appearing before the press in paris. >> i was rather astonished. i was not expecting it. i went for a walk, then i came here. describesdish academy him as "the marcel produced of our time --proust of our time." >> awarded to french other modiano, for the
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powerful memory with which he anded human destiny uncovered the light of the occupation. >> loss of identity, guilt, jewishness, and the trauma of the past are recurrent themes in his more than funny works -- 40 works published in france. he was born to a father two months after the war ended. it follows a pattern of nobel prize winners whose works are little known to readers outside their native country. within france modiano is already acclaimed for the hot thing, lyrical quality of his works, including his latest. >> it is a book about memory, about the past, a task that has not really gone away, that you are looking for without really meaning to. what people have called patrick modiano "little music."
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>> his most recent work is now likely to reach a far wider international readership. he will also pick up a check for more than $1 million. mexico,ties across thousands of people have taken to the streets in protest over the disappearance of 43 students laste state of guerrero month. many now. that a mass grave found on saturday with 28 burned and charred bodies are those of the students. juan carlos perez reports. >> anger and frustration on the streets of mexico following the disappearance of a group of students in the southern state of guerrero. the discovery of a mass grave there containing 28 bodies.
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it has been weeks since the 43 students disappeared. efforts tont's change the image of this country from a drug written, violent place. these were the final steps for the 28 people killed new the town. too steep for the killers to drag them up, they were most likely made to scramble up this narrow, rocky pass. murdered, dumped, and burned in six mass graves. the authorities were reportedly led to the gruesome finding by somebody who confessed to the murders. the dead could be some of the missing students, but so far the government says it will take at least two weeks, or as much as
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two months, to identify the remains. of the missing students, they started here at a rural school for teachers. families have been waiting here for news since the students went missing. we spoke with this young man. he asked for his identity not to be revealed. anybody.er hurt we were just on the buses. that is when i started to run. throwingot of people themselves on the ground because they were afraid. iran as fast as i could when i saw everybody else running. i managed to hide in somebody's house nearby. >> her 21-year-old son was one of those arrested, and he remains missing. he said he does not think his son's body was found in the mass grave and feels his son is still alive.
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>> i'm not brave enough to stand so much pain. the thought they might be treating him badly, beating him up -- i don't even want to think about it. >> mario and the other families of those missing have no choice but to cling to the hope the bodies pulled out of the ground do not belong to their loved ones. bbc news, mexico. >> so many questions about the fate of those students. affecting thet world in ways we could never imagine. the gopro is a tiny wearable high-definition camera, allowing you to take pictures of whatever you are doing. it has made the founder and ceo a multibillionaire. our technology correspondent met him. >> he is a californian surfer who wants to make it easier to
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shoot action pictures. gopro isopro -- his valued at $10 billion. he has captured a big demand from consumers. but when everyone is ditching cameras for smartphones, why did it take off? >> a smartphone is the world's best reactive capture device. meaning something is happening and i reactively pull my phone out and i can photo or video that thing happening. gopro is the world's best proactive capture device. you and i will do something fun this weekend and we want to document ourselves doing it. the cases are different. >> this is a successful little company, but it is suddenly a huge $10 billion company. isn't that kind of overreaching? >> since our firsthd camera in 2009, we have sold 10 million
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high-definition gopros, and that is a small number when you think about the world being filled with people with passions and interests, and those people would love to see themselves doing what they love to do. i think we are just getting started. >> there is a lot of competition. we have seen the chinese come into the smartphone market. surely you will face lower-cost product competition? >> we have had lower-priced competitors come in and try to knock us off. they have not gotten anywhere. we have had established brands try to enter our space, and they have not made many inroads. part of the secret to go pro'success is not so much about the product we make, more so about the content we enable. what i mean by that, we have millions around the world capturing themselves engaged in fantastic experiences, and then they are sharing that content to the rest of the world. >> the founder and ceo of gopro,
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on his invention which has made all of our home videos just a little more watchable these days. that brings the show to a close, but you can find much more on our website. and reach me and most of the bbc team just -- on twitter. for all of us here, thank you for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovalev foundation, beijing tourism, and union bank. ♪
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>> taste, listen, feel -- discover the best memoires of your -- memories of your life. >> "bbc world news" was >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los a
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(glass shatters) (gasps) hey guys, what are you doing? (loud bang) congratulations! you win! but all i did was eat a pretzel. that's exactly right. now, would you like the giant hippo or the giant panda? boy, you can get toys and prizes for doing anything these days. (squeaks) (laughing) mr. ratburn: through a new cloud computing-based internet technology partnership, lakewood elementary is instituting irp. what's irp? the independent readers project. it allows you to take computer quizzes on books you have read. more tests? these tests are strictly voluntary.

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